House price gap

Large differences in house prices suggests inequality within a community.

How we measure it:

  • The gap between the highest and lowest priced houses within the community

The Inter Quartile Range (IQR) of the house price for all houses sold in the previous three years. The IQR is used to avoid skews for particularly cheap and expensive properties.

(Land Registry)

Second-home ownership

Areas with a high proportion of second homes may have less of a sense of community.

How we measure it:

  • % of second homes in the community

Proportion of empty houses within the community, providing a proxy for second home ownership.

(Census 2011, ONS)

Independent schools

A stronger presence of independent schools may have a negative impact on educational equality.

How we measure it:

  • Distance to nearest independent school

Distance to the nearest independent school. This was weighted separately for London and the South East due to a much higher supply in those two regions.
(Geolytix Education pack)


Disparity in types of qualifications may cause inconsistent job opportunities and earning potential.

How we measure it:

  • Degree-level qualifications versus no qualifications

The absolute difference between the proportion of the population with a degree and the proportion of the population with no qualifications. A large score represents a less equal community, skewed to one or other end of the scale.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Ethnic equality

Ethnic minority representation in higher level jobs represents equal and fair opportunities for everyone.

How we measure it -

  • Ethnic representation in professional occupations

The proportion of ethnic minorities in professions: ‘1. Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations’,’ 2. Lower managerial, administrative and professional occupations’ and ‘3. Intermediate occupations versus the total proportion of ethnic minorities.

(Census 2011, ONS)

Relative affluence

Large differences in income across the community suggest neighbourhood disparity.

How we measure it:

  • Variance in household income

The proportion of households earning above average versus the proportion of households earning below average. A larger score represents a more equal community.
(ONS Income Estimates)

Long term security

A high count of families in private rented housing can indicate a lack of security.

How we measure it:

  • % families in private renting

The proportion of houses within the community that are privately rented and have at least one dependent child.

(Census 2011, ONS)

How we measure wellbeing

Our research identified nine areas that matter for community wellbeing. These are grouped into People, Place and Relationships.


  • Education & Learning

    The availability of good, accessible, affordable services to help all ages make the most of education and learning opportunities.

    Find out more
  • Health

    Access to good quality public, voluntary, and social care services that promote physical and mental health in the community.

    Find out more
  • Economy, Work & Employment

    Services and infrastructure in place to promote a sustainable, ethical, inclusive economy that meets the needs of local people.

    Find out more


  • Culture, heritage and leisure

    Access to affordable and inclusive cultural and leisure activities, services and amenities which celebrate the diverse histories of people in the community.

    Find out more
  • Transport, mobility and connectivity

    Access to affordable and sustainable transport and communication networks for everyone, especially those with disabilities.

    Find out more
  • Housing, Space & Environment

    Affordable, secure, quality housing, a safe and clean surrounding environment, and well-kept, accessible and inclusive public spaces for people of all ages.

    Find out more


  • Relationships & Trust

    The state of family, social and community relationships and the impact of any breakdown in trust on issues like crime.

    Find out more
  • Equality

    Equal and fair opportunities for everyone, regardless of ethnicity, religion, colour, age, ability, sexuality, gender, income etc. Services and infrastructure in place to promote equality, equity and fairness.

    Find out more
  • Voice & Participation

    Democratic governance and decision-making mechanisms in place to allow people to express themselves and take either individual or collective action to improve the local community and beyond.

    Find out more

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We care about the wellbeing of our local communities, which is why we are applying a few changes to our postcode search for you to find your local wellbeing score.

You can still find out about the great work involved throughout the Community Wellbeing Index on site.