Equality

House price gap

Large differences in house prices suggests neighbourhood disparity.

How we measure it:

  • Gap between lowest and highest priced houses in the area

The Inter Quartile Range (IQR) of the house prices for all houses sold in the community since 2014. The IQR was used to avoid skews for particularly cheap and expensive properties.
(Land Registry)

Second-home ownership

Communities with a high proportion of second homes will have less consistent community activities and bonding throughout the year.

How we measure it:

  • Proportion of second homes in the community

Proportion of empty houses from the Census, a proxy for second-home ownership.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Independent schools

A stronger presence of independent schools may have a negative impact on educational equality.

How we measure it:

  • Distance to nearest independent school

Distance to the nearest independent school. This was weighted separately for London and the South East due to a much higher supply in those two regions.
(Geolytix Education pack)

Qualifications

Disparity in types of qualifications may cause inconsistent job opportunities and earning potential.

How we measure it:

  • Degree-level qualifications versus no qualifications

The absolute difference between the proportion of the population with a degree and the proportion of the population with no qualifications. A large score represents a less equal community, skewed to one or other end of the scale.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Ethnic equality

Representation of ethnic minorities in higher level jobs.

How we measure it:

  • Ethnic representation in professional occupations

The proportion of ethnic minorities in professions: “1. Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations’’, “2. Lower managerial, administrative and professional occupations” and “3. Intermediate occupations” versus the total proportion of ethnic minorities.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Relative affluence

Large differences in income across the community suggest neighbourhood disparity.

How we measure it:

  • Variance in household income

The proportion of households earning above average versus the proportion of households earning below average. A larger score represents a more equal community.
(ONS Income Estimates)

Long term security

A high count of families in private rented housing and reliant on the ethical conduct of landlords can indicate a lack of security.

How we measure it:

  • Families in private rented housing

The proportion of households that are privately rented and have at least one dependent child.
(Census 2011, ONS)

How we measure wellbeing

Our research identified nine areas that matter for community wellbeing. These areas are grouped into people, places and relationships.

People

  • Education and learning

    The availability of good, accessible, affordable services to help all ages make the most of education and learning opportunities.

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  • Health

    Access to good quality public, voluntary, and social care services that promote physical and mental health in the community.

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  • Economy, work and employment

    Services and infrastructure in place to promote a sustainable, ethical, inclusive economy that meets the needs of local people.

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Place

  • Culture, heritage and leisure

    Access to affordable and inclusive cultural and leisure activities, services and amenities which celebrate the diverse histories of people in the community.

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  • Transport, mobility and connectivity

    Access to affordable and sustainable transport and communication networks for everyone, especially those with disabilities.

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  • Housing, space and environment

    Affordable, secure, quality housing, a safe and clean surrounding environment, and well-kept, accessible and inclusive public spaces for people of all ages.

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Relationships

  • Relationships and trust

    The state of family, social and community relationships and the impact of any breakdown in trust on issues like crime.

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  • Equality

    Equal and fair opportunities for everyone, regardless of ethnicity, religion, colour, age, ability, sexuality, gender, income etc. Services and infrastructure in place to promote equality, equity and fairness.

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  • Voice and participation

    Democratic governance and decision-making mechanisms in place to allow people to express themselves and take either individual or collective action to improve the local community and beyond.

    Find out more

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