Relationships & Trust

Social spaces

Places for socialising help to bring people together.

How we measure it:

  • Distance to nearest pub
  • Distance to cafe
  • Distance to nearest community centre
  • Distance to nearest playground

Distance from outer boundary, with a value of zero if in the community
(© OpenStreetMap contributors)

Young children

Babies, preschool and primary school aged children encourage a closer link to the community.

How we measure it:

  • Proportion of children (aged <14)

Proportion of children aged 14 and under in the community.
(Census 2011, ONS)

One-person household, aged 50+

Older people who live alone may feel isolated.

How we measure it:

  • Proportion of one-person households, aged 50+

Proportion of households that are sole occupants, aged 50.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Proximity of work to home

People who work close to home have more opportunities to interact with the local community.

How we measure it:

  • Proportion of workers who work over 30km from home.

Proportion of workers in the community that are travelling 30km or further from their home address to their work address.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Household churn

A higher number of houses being sold suggests that people are not staying within the area, weakening community bonds.

How we measure it:

  • Proportion of houses sold

Proportion of households that have been sold in the community in the previous three years.

(Land Registry)

Long-term health status

Poor health can limit interaction and social activity.

How we measure it:

  • Long-term illness

Proportion of the population suffering from long term illnesses or disabilities, categorised as: “day-to-day activities limited a lot”.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Crime in the community

A high level of crime can erode trust within a community.

How we measure it:

  • Crime in the community per 10,000 population

Total crime counts in the community, per 10,000 population.

(, IMD Scotland)

Crime in town centre

Even if the community itself has low crime rates, there may be a low sense of safety if the nearest town centre is a crime hotspot.

How we measure it:

  • Crime in the town centre

Total crime counts in the nearest city centre, large town centre, major city centre, major urban centre or town centre. This is restricted to the nearest centre within 20km. If there is no centre within 20km of the locale, the indicator has been assigned a weight of zero for the community.

(, Geolytix Retail Places)

Neighbourhood Watch

The presence of Neighbourhood Watch schemes within a community promote ‘neighbourliness’.

How we measure it:

  • The number of Neighbourhood Watch supporters within each community.

The number of Neighbourhood Watch supporters within each community, scaled per 10,000 population.

(Neighbourhood Watch)

How we measure wellbeing

Our research identified nine areas that matter for community wellbeing. These are grouped into People, Place and Relationships.


  • Education & Learning

    The availability of good, accessible, affordable services to help all ages make the most of education and learning opportunities.

    Find out more
  • Health

    Access to good quality public, voluntary, and social care services that promote physical and mental health in the community.

    Find out more
  • Economy, Work & Employment

    Services and infrastructure in place to promote a sustainable, ethical, inclusive economy that meets the needs of local people.

    Find out more


  • Culture, heritage and leisure

    Access to affordable and inclusive cultural and leisure activities, services and amenities which celebrate the diverse histories of people in the community.

    Find out more
  • Transport, mobility and connectivity

    Access to affordable and sustainable transport and communication networks for everyone, especially those with disabilities.

    Find out more
  • Housing, Space & Environment

    Affordable, secure, quality housing, a safe and clean surrounding environment, and well-kept, accessible and inclusive public spaces for people of all ages.

    Find out more


  • Relationships & Trust

    The state of family, social and community relationships and the impact of any breakdown in trust on issues like crime.

    Find out more
  • Equality

    Equal and fair opportunities for everyone, regardless of ethnicity, religion, colour, age, ability, sexuality, gender, income etc. Services and infrastructure in place to promote equality, equity and fairness.

    Find out more
  • Voice & Participation

    Democratic governance and decision-making mechanisms in place to allow people to express themselves and take either individual or collective action to improve the local community and beyond.

    Find out more

It looks like one of our systems has fallen over.

Our team is already patching it up, so please try again soon.

We care about the wellbeing of our local communities, which is why we are applying a few changes to our postcode search for you to find your local wellbeing score.

You can still find out about the great work involved throughout the Community Wellbeing Index on site.