Housing, space and environment


People benefit from affordable housing within their community.

How we measure it:

  • Affordability

The average price within the community of all homes sold since 2014, divided by the average household income of the community, with a larger score demonstrating ‘less affordability’.
(Land Registry, ONS Income Estimates)


Higher counts of people per room suggest overcrowding and a shortage of suitably sized accommodation.

How we measure it:

  • Overcrowding

Proportion of households within the community that have more than one person per room.
(Census 2011, ONS)

Public green space

Green space encourages leisure activities and a sense of wellbeing.

How we measure it:

  • Prevalence of public green spaces

Proportion of the local land area given over to public green spaces.
(Ordnance Survey, Geolytix Physical Geography pack)

Public space

Like social spaces, but focusing particularly on areas designed for the general public.

How we measure it:

  • Distance to nearest community centre
  • Distance to nearest playground

Distance from outer boundary, with a value of zero if within the community.
(Ordnance Survey, Geolytix Physical Geography pack)

Traffic pollution

Noise and air pollution have negative implications for wellbeing.

How we measure it:

  • HGV traffic
  • Total traffic count

The maximum counts of both HGV and total traffic going through the community. High traffic volumes result in higher levels of pollution.

How we measure wellbeing

Our research identified nine areas that matter for community wellbeing. These areas are grouped into people, places and relationships.


  • Education and learning

    The availability of good, accessible, affordable services to help all ages make the most of education and learning opportunities.

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  • Health

    Access to good quality public, voluntary, and social care services that promote physical and mental health in the community.

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  • Economy, work and employment

    Services and infrastructure in place to promote a sustainable, ethical, inclusive economy that meets the needs of local people.

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  • Culture, heritage and leisure

    Access to affordable and inclusive cultural and leisure activities, services and amenities which celebrate the diverse histories of people in the community.

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  • Transport, mobility and connectivity

    Access to affordable and sustainable transport and communication networks for everyone, especially those with disabilities.

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  • Housing, space and environment

    Affordable, secure, quality housing, a safe and clean surrounding environment, and well-kept, accessible and inclusive public spaces for people of all ages.

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  • Relationships and trust

    The state of family, social and community relationships and the impact of any breakdown in trust on issues like crime.

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  • Equality

    Equal and fair opportunities for everyone, regardless of ethnicity, religion, colour, age, ability, sexuality, gender, income etc. Services and infrastructure in place to promote equality, equity and fairness.

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  • Voice and participation

    Democratic governance and decision-making mechanisms in place to allow people to express themselves and take either individual or collective action to improve the local community and beyond.

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